Politics the term used to describe the way that groups of people come to decisions about the actions they will undertake collaboratively. Politics is derived from the Greek word politika. The Greek is taken from the name of a book of theory by Aristotle of the same name. It is used to mean “affairs of state.” Politics involves the attempts of different sides in a political debate to convince other members of government to pass laws which suit their preference. These sides are often organized into different political parties. While the United States has only two dominant parties, politics in other countries may consist of many political parties.
There are two major conflicts between political theories. The first is the conflict between the left and the right. The left is generally seen as more progressive and seeking to eradicate social inequalities, while the right is generally conservative and sees social inequalities and an intrinsic part of human existence. The other major arguments in politics take place between libertarians and authoritarians. Libertarians value a strong individual and a weak state. Authoritarian politics support a weak individual and an empowered state. Libertarian politics support as great a reduction in the size, scope and authority of the government as feasible, while authoritarian politics support a further consolidation of governmental control. There are various degrees of left, right, libertarian, and authoritarian view. Often with in a single political party different members may espouse libertarian and authoritarian beliefs. It is rare, however for a political party to contain approaches that are liberal, conservative, libertarian, and authoritative within a single unified political party. Political parties worried about many political issues often fracture before very long. A political debate is the primary method used by parties to resolves these political concerns.
Political campaigns are the primary times during which a political party reevaluates its priorities and where the party is heading. Political campaigns determines the party’s political concerns. A political campaign provides an opportunity for the country in which the election is about to take place an opportunity to evaluate political issues. Political campaigns allow the population to determine if they wish to grant the government already in power with the approval to carry on their existing approaches to political concerns, or if the major political issues require a new approach. Depending on the opinions of the population the government may be forced to address new political issues and political concerns. While ideally political campaigns would be won or lost based on the merits of the party’s stances on political concerns, this is not always the case. A political campaign can be affected political issues raised by ads run by both the candidate as well as the opposition. A political campaign can be lost due to rumors and allegations which may not address political issues. A political campaign can be lost due to events beyond a candidate’s control, such as natural disasters, or political campaigns can be won due to the candidates ability to adapt to ever changing circumstances. The most important thing that a political campaign is to remember whey they are attempting to be elected in the first place: to serve the people.